Croatian Timed Text Style Guide

1. Abbreviations

  • Gospodin: g. (with period)
  • Gospođa: gđa (without period; note that it has to be declined, npr. gđe, gđi, gđom)
  • Gospođica: gđica (without period; note that it has to be declined, npr. gđice, gđici, gđicom)
  • Doktor: dr. (with period)
  • Broj: br. (with period)
  • Na primjer: npr. (with period)
  • I tako dalje: itd. (with period)
  • Sat: h (without period)

2. Acronyms

  • Acronyms should be written without periods between letters: BBC, CIA, SAD, VB

3. Character Limitation

  • 42 characters per line

4. Character Names

  • Do not translate proper names (e.g., Peter, Suzanne), unless Netflix provides approved translations.
  • Nicknames should only be translated if they convey a specific meaning.
  • Use language-specific translations for historical/mythical characters (e.g., Santa Claus).

5. Continuity

  • Do not use ellipsis when a sentence is split between two continuous subtitles:

Subtitle 1   Uopće ne razumijem
Subtitle 2   tvoju odluku!

  • Use ellipsis to indicate a pause or an abrupt interruption:

Subtitle 1   Ne znam…
Subtitle 2   Uspjet ćeš!

  • Use ellipsis without a space to indicate mid-sentence pick-ups:

…prethodnog dana.

6. Documentary

  • Only translate a speaker’s title once, the first time the speaker appears in the documentary.
  • When ongoing dialogue is interrupted by a speaker’s title, use ellipsis at the end of the sentence in the subtitle that precedes it and at the beginning of the sentence in the subtitle that follows it.

Subtitle 1   Na ovom smo filmu…
Subtitle 2   (FN) PRODUCENT
Subtitle 3   …radili šest mjeseci.

7. Dual Speakers

  • Use a hyphen followed by a space to indicate two speakers in one subtitle, with a maximum of one speaker per line.

- I što?
- Pričekaj. Daj mi trenutak.

8. Font Information

  • Font style: Arial as a generic placeholder for proportional SansSerif.
  • Font size: Relative to video resolution and ability to fit 42 characters across the screen.
  • Font color: White.

9. Forced Narratives

  • Forced narrative titles should only be included if plot pertinent.
  • Forced narratives that are redundant (e.g., identical to onscreen text or covered in the dialogue) must be deleted.
  • Forced narratives should be in ALL CAPS, except for written passages (e.g., excerpts from books, magazines or newspapers, handwritten notes, social media messages and text messages), which must match the use of uppercase/lowercase as it appears on screen. In order to improve readability, mixed case can also be used for long passages of on screen text (e.g., long written passages used as prologue or epilogue).
  • Never combine a forced narrative with dialogue in the same subtitle.
  • When a forced narrative interrupts dialogue, use an ellipsis at the end of the sentence in the subtitle that precedes it and at the beginning of the sentence that follows it:

Subtitle 1   Ne znam…
Subtitle 2   (FN) ZABRANJEN ULAZ
Subtitle 3   …što ti misliš.

10. Foreign Dialogue

  • Foreign dialogue should only be translated if the viewer was meant to understand it (i.e., if it was subtitled in the original version).
  • When using foreign words, always verify spelling, accents and punctuation, if applicable.
  • Foreign words should be italicized, unless they have become part of regular usage (e.g., in English, the following no longer need to be italicized: bon appétit, rendezvous, doppelgänger, zeitgeist, persona non grata) and unless they are proper names (e.g., a company name).

11. Italics

  • Italicize the following:
    • Album, book, film and program titles (use quotes for song titles)
    • Foreign words (unless they are part of regular usage)
    • Dialogue that is heard through electronic media, such as a phone, television, or computer
    • Only use italics when the speaker is not in the scene(s), not merely off screen or off camera
    • 

Song lyrics (if rights have been granted)
    • Voice-overs
  • Do not use italics to indicate emphasis on specific words.

12. Line Treatment

  • Maximum two lines.

13. Numbers

  • Numbers from 1 to 10 should be written out: jedan, dva, tri, etc.
  • Numbers above ten should be written numerically: 11, 12, 13, etc.
  • When a number begins a sentence, it should always be spelled out.
  • The above rules might be broken due to space or time limitations.
  • Measurements should be converted to the metric system.
  • Time should be noted in the 24-hour format, using spacing as follows:


    Sada je 14 h.
    Sada je 14.15.

  • Dates are written as follows, with a full stop after the year:


    February 20th 2004 = 20.2.2004.
    Olympics 2004 = Olimpijada 2004.

  • A comma is used as the decimal separator: 23,99.
  • For numbers up to 9999 no comma or period should be used: 4000, 9000.
  • Numbers with five or more digits should be written with a space (not with a comma) before the last three digits.
  • Use a space before % E.g. 2 %

14. Punctuation

  • There are no spaces between the characters and punctuation marks.

15. Quotes

  • Quotes should be used at the start and end of a sentence and not at the start of every subtitle.
  • Use double quotation marks (" ") without spaces for regular quotations.
  • Use single quotation marks (‘ ‘) for quotes within quotes: "Charlie je rekao: 'Sve je u redu.'"
  • Punctuation should be included within the quotation marks if the quote is an independent clause and outside if it’s not.

16. Reading Speed

  • Adult programs: 17 characters per second
  • Children’s programs: 13 characters per second

17. Repetitions

  • Do not translate words or phrases repeated more than once.
  • If the repeated word or phrase is said twice in a row, time subtitle to the audio but translate only once.

18. Songs

  • Only subtitle plot-pertinent songs if the rights have been granted.
  • Italicize lyrics.
  • Use an uppercase letter at the beginning of each line.
  • Use ellipsis when a song continues in the background, but is no longer subtitled to give precedence to dialogue.
  • Punctuation: only question marks and exclamation marks preceded by a space should be used at the end of a line – no commas or periods. Commas can be used within the lyric line, if necessary.
  • Album titles should be in italics.
  • Song titles should be in quotes.

19. Titles

  • Main titles: do not subtitle the main title unless requested by Netflix. In this case, an approved translation will be provided.
  • Episode titles: do not subtitle episode titles if they do not appear on screen. If on-screen, either as part of the principal photography or burned into video, please obtain approved translations from Netflix.
  • Titles of published works, existing movies and TV shows: use official or well-known translations. If none are available, leave titles in the original language.

20. Special Instructions

  • Dialogue must never be censored. Expletives should be rendered as faithfully as possible.
  • Plot-pertinent dialogue always takes precedence over background dialogue.
  • Deliberate misspellings and mispronunciations should not be reproduced in the translation unless plot pertinent.
  • Do not translate onomatopoeia (sound words) that a Croatian audience would understand (e.g. wow, ouch…) when used in isolation.
  • Do not use currency symbols. Write them out (dolar, funta, euro…).

20. SDH Guidelines

  • Include as much of the original content as possible.
  • Do not simplify or water down the original dialogue.
  • Reading speed can be increased to:
    • Adult programs: 20 characters per second
    • Children’s programs: 17 characters per second
  • Truncating the original dialogue should be limited to instances where reading speed and synchronicity to the audio are an issue.
  • All same-language audible songs should be titled if the rights have been granted.

  • Song lyrics should be enclosed with a music note (♪) at the beginning and the end of each subtitle.
  • Use brackets [ ] to enclose speaker IDs or sound effects.
  • Only use speaker IDs or sound effects when they cannot be visually identified.
  • Use a generic ID to indicate and describe ambient music (e.g., rock music playing over a stereo).
  • Sound effects should be plot pertinent.
  • Never italicize speaker IDs or sound effects

21. Reference

 

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